Summary of the September 2021 Public Art community meeting
With any housing development comes the potential for developers to invest in Public Art.
Every developer is recommended to invest 1% of the overall development budget on Public Art – this rarely happens however – but imagine what the community could create if it did…
As there is so much development going on in the Knowle West neighbourhood right now we, as a community, have an important role to play in helping incentivise more investment in Public Art.
By shaping a shared community vision, we can help show developers the impact of community led Public Art and in turn create amazing things together that the community want.
What defines Public Art?
But what is Public Art? It can be anything from permanent installations in the public realm – like play areas or street furniture – to pop up gardens, celebrations, feasts or songs.
The Community Meal. Photo credit: Andy King © 2014, courtesy of Public Art St. Paul
Knowle West is unique as being the only neighbourhood in Bristol to have its own Public Art Strategy, ‘The Manual’ (written in 2011), you can take a look HERE.
In the manual it explains that public art doesn’t need to mean large sculptures that appear from nowhere and can take many forms – including parades, temporary structures and food projects. The manual also clearly explains that whilst there are many definitions of Public Art the KW version always:
1.) Includes the community right from the start
2.) Involves artists who are brilliant at working with communities
3.) Results in work that is rooted in place and about things relevant to the community.
Since April 2021, Knowle West Media Centre (KWMC) – as the neighbourhood’s arts organisation, has been hosting meetings for the community to come together and look afresh at the Knowle West Public Art strategy.
At the initial meeting where ‘Residents met to begin re-imagining public art for Knowle West’ everyone agreed that now is a really good time to be:
- Developing joined up ideas for what the community want
- Involving more residents in these conversations
- Making sure developers are using the KW Public Arts Strategy
You can read more about the spring meetings via the link above and the summer meeting HERE, where we began to map out ideas around where we want things to happen, who should be involved and what the priority themes are.
Live sketch by Jasmine Thompson of the Summer Public Art meeting at KWMC.
In September KWMC facilitated another meeting with people joining via zoom and others in person at KWMC. Community members, representatives from the city council and artists working in the neighbourhood joined to:
-find out more about live opportunities for public art in the area
-review and connect ideas developed so far
-create a plan for taking ideas and community priorities to developers
It was emphasised that this is an open and evolving group, people are welcome to join at any time and all are encouraged to continue conversations beyond these meetings.
People from the group shared information about developments planned for and already happening at: Inns Court, KnowleDGE, Filwood Broadway, Knowle West Health Park and others.
A case study, ‘being led by teenagers’:
We then shared a bit about some great work already happening in the public realm as an example of community-led activity that could grow into future Public Art projects.
Clara Collett, KWMC young people’s project manager told us about a recent project where teenagers from Street Space designed, built and decorated their own outdoor seating using the Making Together blocks – the same system that was used to make the outdoor structure / pavilion outside KWMC called BlockWest. The StreetSpace collaboration illustrated just how impactful it can be when local people are involved in creating things they want.
The mission that the young women from Street Space set out on was to creative positive change in Knowle West. Identifying the issues with the neighbourhood: ‘No places for YP to sit and hang out in the area’, ‘that they felt safe.’ Then they took part in various workshops to learn how to design using the Blocks – and get creative and hands-on with the tools!
To figure this out, they worked as a team, learned to use the accessible building tools, took us on a trip to explore the neighbourhood — sharing, observing, listening, designing, and building.
On the build day, the young people came together and gave it their all, they led the day and got really stuck in! The decision to paint the structures gave the girls agency and ownership over the product they had created.
We then paraded the structures around the neighbourhood and this created conversations – a local circus group engaged with us and did a mini-performance getting the young people involved – and other young people from Street Space were able to see it and try it out!
Giving it the tick of approval, it created strong connections in the neighbourhood – putting the design and decision making into the hands of the local young people.
The final outcomes were fun and functional – with life-changing benefits and positive attention from lots of young people in the area. Bringing young people together, it allowed them to create their own space, be active, be safe and connect with other young people in the community.
Tour of the neighbourhood + designing
Parading the neighbourhood
The Pros and cons of a joined-up approach:
After celebrating this local example, we all acknowledged that the opportunities and activities going on across KW can often seem fragmented and not as joined up as they could be. We discussed as a group whether we feel there is potential to think in a more joined up way about the public realm across KW? Most people agreed there was potential and that a more joined up approach could help connect areas, make KW a destination and create a shared visual language across the neighbourhood through things like gathering spaces, street furniture or more permanent market structures. Delving into the pros and cons of this approach raised really interesting points too. See the jamboard below with some captured notes:
Malcolm Hamilton, an artist and founder of Play Disrupt led us through a creative mapping and making exercise, asking us to think about pieces of art/music etc that we like and why we like it. This sparked our imaginations and opened us up to think about why art is important to us and how it makes us feel. For example, to bring joy, make us feel uplifted, to connect different parts of an area, to open our eyes to new things, to remind us of home… etc.
Malcolm Hamilton, of Play Disrupt leading people through an imagination activity using his newly developed playful engagement Balance © boxes .
This activity prompted discussion around how we describe the value of art and through conversation raised awareness that developers are required to deliver ‘social value’ to a relatively high equivalent percentage cost of the development.
Everyone agreed it is important to incentivise developers to invest properly in Public Art. And that finding a way to condense the 84-page Public Art manual is essential in order to ensure the good principles and processes listed there are used and put into practice.
Making the manual useable:
Lively small group discussions were then held around this prompt:
‘’How could you make the KW PA manual into something useable and engaging?’’
How could it be applied? Who would use it? E.g: – Artists / community / developers?
So many important points were raised and ideas shared in response to this question. Including:
-the need to involve more community members in these conversations and get buy in for Public Art from everyone
-the importance of creating something that uses accessible language, is visual or playful and exists offline as well as online
-to reach developers it would need to link to their business case and use their language
-we need to be clear about how Public Art directly links to social value
-visualising the process, showing case studies and illustrating the impact seems important
-maybe we need more stick and less carrot with developers, e.g: ‘here’s the do’s and don’ts, you will be held accountable and we are all watching’!
More captured notes in the jamboard below:
It was agreed that a good next step would be to form a small representative working group. This group would combine ideas from these sessions and come back to the wider community with some clear possible ways that the manual could be made really useful.
If you are interested in being part of this working group and ongoing meetings, please get in touch.
Any questions or to find out more contact: firstname.lastname@example.org or call KWMC on 0117 903 0444.
Residents meet to create joined up ideas for Public Art in Knowle West
By Arts Programme Manager Martha King
Public Art in Knowle West spring / summer meetings summary:
What kind of Public Art could we imagine for Knowle West?
Knowle West is unique as a neighbourhood in having its own Public Art Strategy (written in 2011), you can take a look HERE
With so much housing and other development happening in the neighbourhood now – the community have been coming together, since April 2021, to look afresh at the Knowle West Public Art strategy and think about the potential for Public Art in the area.
At the initial meeting in April, where ‘Residents met to begin re-imagining public art for Knowle West’ everyone agreed that now is a really good time to be:
- Developing ‘joined up’ ideas for public art in Knowle West – which can then be presented to developers
- Involving more residents in these conversations and making sure we share widely the developments around the KW Public Arts Strategy
Following the energy and momentum from the first session Knowle West Media Centre (KWMC) hosted two more sessions over the spring / summer exploring ideas and possibilities further.
Carolyn Hassan, KWMC director, and Martha King, KWMC Arts Programme Manager, facilitated these sessions with some people joining via zoom and others in person at KWMC.
So far, we have discussed:
–What defines a public art project – can it be anything?
–How we can ensure more people are able to be involved in these discussions?
–How best to share with developers the communities’ priorities and vision?
As well as all participating in creative activities – to start imagining what Public Art in Knowle West could do, look and feel like.
In terms of defining Public Art, we all felt that the definition in the KW Public Art Strategy manual is really useful:
’Public Art is art that operates in the public sphere. The term has in the past been used to describe sculpture and interventions in areas physically accessible to the general public, but, as artistic practices have considerably evolved, it has come to describe what is now a very broad field of work outside a gallery setting. Now the term may include material products such as books, posters or sculptures; a process or ongoing interaction with a community; an intervention into infrastructure or media; or public events like meetings, fetes or performances. It also encompasses socially engaged artistic practices that involve a public in their making, exploring issues directly relevant to their lives. Since the 1990s many local authorities have started to commission public art within regeneration and cultural development programmes’’.
There are many definitions of Public Art, but for the KW definition it is important that the community are involved in the process right from the start, that socially engaged artists are part of it and that the work is rooted in place – exploring things that are relevant to the community.
With this in mind we shared examples of existing public art that we like (for example Morag Myerscough’s pavilions and the recent local Walter Jack Studio ‘PositiveNegativePositive’ commission) and then spent time exploring together: What kind of Public Art do we want to see in KW. People worked in small groups to respond to these questions:
1. Where in KW would you most like to see something happen?
2. Who should be involved?
3. What themes should be explored? (Looking back at the P.A Strategy manual and thinking about which of the 12 instructions or inspirations (on p.23) are most inspiring)
In terms of themes – clusters of ideas and priorities started to emerge, especially around – ‘Encouraging Use of Green Spaces’, ‘Play’ and ‘Intervening in Community Space’. With agreement that welcoming new residents, way-finding around the area and connecting up separate parts of the neighbourhood are also really important aspects to incorporate in to any Public Art commission.
In terms who should be involved people felt it was important to include everyone in the KW community – especially the younger generation and also to find ways to connect with / include those who may be housebound or feel isolated. It also seemed essential to include artists whose work is participatory and that artists with a high profile could help make Knowle West a destination.
From these emerging themes we developed ideas further by writing ‘mini briefs’ that could form the basis for Public Art commissions and writing ‘newspaper headlines from the future’ as if these works existed in the neighbourhood. This was a creative way to start imagining what we want to see and what the impacts could be for the community. We were also joined by an illustrator, Jazz Thompson, who captured key parts of the discussions (see images below)
Everyone at the meeting committed to sharing the discussions happening at these sessions with wider community groups and contacts to get more input and we all agreed that it is really important to find ways to share these ideas, priorities and themes with developers and city council members – in order to make sure there is a more joined up approach to Public Art Commissioning across Knowle West.
In terms of encouraging more conversation around Public Art we have been inspired by the work happening in Brighton and Hove, led by Lighthouse, to encourage residents and communities to voice their opinion about public art in their city. You can watch some of the videos HERE. Perhaps we could create our own Knowle West community films talking about Public Art? If you are excited by this idea or have other ideas please do get in touch, or come along to the next meeting.
The next meeting, is open to all and will be on September 28th 10am – 12pm at KWMC and via zoom. This meeting will focus on how to connect the work happening at these meetings with the live opportunities for Public Art that are arising in the neighbourhood.
If you’d like to join the next meeting or have any other questions please email: email@example.com or call KWMC on 0117 903 0444.
Public Art Strategy in Knowle West
The Regeneration of Knowle West and the role of Public Art in the area is changing
Over a 20-year period from 2010, the area will see new homes, new community facilities and new transport systems.
Many of these changes will improve the area and the quality of life for people who live here. However change can be disruptive and challenging, it inevitably involves loss as well as gain.
In the twentieth century, the area has been subject to forms of development, which have sought to establish and explore different ways of living on the edge of the city.
This tradition continues with the Knowle West Regeneration Framework, a vision for change in the area for 2010– 30. This vision has not been imposed from above but has been discussed and developed through contemporary forms of participation and consultation.
(continued below the document)
The Knowle West Regeneration Framework has placed residents at the centre of the process of planning. An extensive programme of consultation has generated, considered and approved the vision and principles that will underpin the process of change.
This consultation programme has demonstrated the qualities and amenities which current residents believe are important to the creation and maintenance of a positive community. The Knowle West Vision, as developed by local people, is: “A community full of confidence and pride, skilled and healthy, living in a thriving Bristol neighbourhood that is green and well connected and low in living costs.”
The Framework includes 13 objectives that will help to realise this vision; these range from the concrete (e.g. improve and develop primary school provision and refurbish existing housing stock), through to qualitative (e.g. improve health and well-being).
The Public Art Strategy operates within this context, with a particular mandate from the residents’ objective “to improve arts and culture”. Public Art will
contribute across the objectives and has a particular role to play in the following; reinforcing a close-knit neighbourhood, pride of place, building a future proof community, accessing safe, ecologically rich, open space, developing play and youth facilities by planning with local people, and improving health and well-being.
The objectives encapsulate the residents’ aspirations for their neighbourhood and represent a further iteration of a consensus that has been reached in Knowle West in 2010 about how to build a healthy community, solve the problems that exist, and capitalise on the existing strengths of Knowle West.